deepo

Setup and customize deep learning environment in seconds.

View the Project on GitHub

deepo

workflows docker build license

Deepo is an open framework to assemble specialized docker images for deep learning research without pain. It provides a “lego set” of dozens of standard components for preparing deep learning tools and a framework for assembling them into custom docker images.

At the core of Deepo is a Dockerfile generator that

We also prepare a series of pre-built docker images that


Table of contents


Quick Start

GPU Version

Installation

Step 1. Install Docker and nvidia-docker.

Step 2. Obtain the all-in-one image from Docker Hub

docker pull ufoym/deepo

For users in China who may suffer from slow speeds when pulling the image from the public Docker registry, you can pull deepo images from the China registry mirror by specifying the full path, including the registry, in your docker pull command, for example:

docker pull registry.docker-cn.com/ufoym/deepo

Usage

Now you can try this command:

docker run --gpus all --rm ufoym/deepo nvidia-smi

This should work and enables Deepo to use the GPU from inside a docker container. If this does not work, search the issues section on the nvidia-docker GitHub – many solutions are already documented. To get an interactive shell to a container that will not be automatically deleted after you exit do

docker run --gpus all -it ufoym/deepo bash

If you want to share your data and configurations between the host (your machine or VM) and the container in which you are using Deepo, use the -v option, e.g.

docker run --gpus all -it -v /host/data:/data -v /host/config:/config ufoym/deepo bash

This will make /host/data from the host visible as /data in the container, and /host/config as /config. Such isolation reduces the chances of your containerized experiments overwriting or using wrong data.

Please note that some frameworks (e.g. PyTorch) use shared memory to share data between processes, so if multiprocessing is used the default shared memory segment size that container runs with is not enough, and you should increase shared memory size either with --ipc=host or --shm-size command line options to docker run.

docker run --gpus all -it --ipc=host ufoym/deepo bash

CPU Version

Installation

Step 1. Install Docker.

Step 2. Obtain the all-in-one image from Docker Hub

docker pull ufoym/deepo:cpu

Usage

Now you can try this command:

docker run -it ufoym/deepo:cpu bash

If you want to share your data and configurations between the host (your machine or VM) and the container in which you are using Deepo, use the -v option, e.g.

docker run -it -v /host/data:/data -v /host/config:/config ufoym/deepo:cpu bash

This will make /host/data from the host visible as /data in the container, and /host/config as /config. Such isolation reduces the chances of your containerized experiments overwriting or using wrong data.

Please note that some frameworks (e.g. PyTorch) use shared memory to share data between processes, so if multiprocessing is used the default shared memory segment size that container runs with is not enough, and you should increase shared memory size either with --ipc=host or --shm-size command line options to docker run.

docker run -it --ipc=host ufoym/deepo:cpu bash

You are now ready to begin your journey.

$ python

>>> import tensorflow
>>> import sonnet
>>> import torch
>>> import keras
>>> import mxnet
>>> import cntk
>>> import chainer
>>> import theano
>>> import lasagne
>>> import caffe
>>> import paddle

$ caffe --version

caffe version 1.0.0

$ darknet

usage: darknet <function>

Customization

Note that docker pull ufoym/deepo mentioned in Quick Start will give you a standard image containing all available deep learning frameworks. You can customize your own environment as well.

Unhappy with all-in-one solution?

If you prefer a specific framework rather than an all-in-one image, just append a tag with the name of the framework. Take tensorflow for example:

docker pull ufoym/deepo:tensorflow

Jupyter support

Step 1. pull the all-in-one image

docker pull ufoym/deepo

Step 2. run the image

docker run --gpus all -it -p 8888:8888 -v /home/u:/root --ipc=host ufoym/deepo jupyter lab --no-browser --ip=0.0.0.0 --allow-root --LabApp.allow_origin='*' --LabApp.root_dir='/root'

Build your own customized image with Lego-like modules

Step 1. prepare generator

git clone https://github.com/ufoym/deepo.git
cd deepo/generator

Step 2. generate your customized Dockerfile

For example, if you like pytorch and lasagne, then

python generate.py Dockerfile pytorch lasagne

or with CUDA 11.1 and CUDNN 8

python generate.py Dockerfile pytorch lasagne --cuda-ver 11.1 --cudnn-ver 8

This should generate a Dockerfile that contains everything for building pytorch and lasagne. Note that the generator can handle automatic dependency processing and topologically sort the lists. So you don’t need to worry about missing dependencies and the list order.

You can also specify the version of Python:

python generate.py Dockerfile pytorch lasagne python==3.6

Step 3. build your Dockerfile

docker build -t my/deepo .

This may take several minutes as it compiles a few libraries from scratch.

Comparison to alternatives

. modern-deep-learning dl-docker jupyter-deeplearning Deepo
ubuntu 16.04 14.04 14.04 18.04
cuda X 8.0 6.5-8.0 8.0-10.2/None
cudnn X v5 v2-5 v7
onnx X X X O
theano X O O O
tensorflow O O O O
sonnet X X X O
pytorch X X X O
keras O O O O
lasagne X O O O
mxnet X X X O
cntk X X X O
chainer X X X O
caffe O O O O
caffe2 X X X O
torch X O O O
darknet X X X O
paddlepaddle X X X O

Tags

Available Tags

. CUDA 11.3 / Python 3.8 CPU-only / Python 3.8
all-in-one latest all all-py38 py38-cu113 all-py38-cu113 all-py38-cpu all-cpu py38-cpu cpu
TensorFlow tensorflow-py38-cu113 tensorflow-py38 tensorflow tensorflow-py38-cpu tensorflow-cpu
PyTorch pytorch-py38-cu113 pytorch-py38 pytorch pytorch-py38-cpu pytorch-cpu
Keras keras-py38-cu113 keras-py38 keras keras-py38-cpu keras-cpu
MXNet mxnet-py38-cu113 mxnet-py38 mxnet mxnet-py38-cpu mxnet-cpu
Chainer chainer-py38-cu113 chainer-py38 chainer chainer-py38-cpu chainer-cpu
Darknet darknet-cu113 darknet darknet-cpu
paddlepaddle paddle-cu113 paddle paddle-cpu

Deprecated Tags

. CUDA 11.3 / Python 3.6 CUDA 11.1 / Python 3.6 CUDA 10.1 / Python 3.6 CUDA 10.0 / Python 3.6 CUDA 9.0 / Python 3.6 CUDA 9.0 / Python 2.7 CPU-only / Python 3.6 CPU-only / Python 2.7
all-in-one py36-cu113 all-py36-cu113 py36-cu111 all-py36-cu111 py36-cu101 all-py36-cu101 py36-cu100 all-py36-cu100 py36-cu90 all-py36-cu90 all-py27-cu90 all-py27 py27-cu90   all-py27-cpu py27-cpu
all-in-one with jupyter         all-jupyter-py36-cu90 all-py27-jupyter py27-jupyter   all-py27-jupyter-cpu py27-jupyter-cpu
Theano theano-py36-cu113 theano-py36-cu111 theano-py36-cu101 theano-py36-cu100 theano-py36-cu90 theano-py27-cu90 theano-py27   theano-py27-cpu
TensorFlow tensorflow-py36-cu113 tensorflow-py36-cu111 tensorflow-py36-cu101 tensorflow-py36-cu100 tensorflow-py36-cu90 tensorflow-py27-cu90 tensorflow-py27   tensorflow-py27-cpu
Sonnet sonnet-py36-cu113 sonnet-py36-cu111 sonnet-py36-cu101 sonnet-py36-cu100 sonnet-py36-cu90 sonnet-py27-cu90 sonnet-py27   sonnet-py27-cpu
PyTorch pytorch-py36-cu113 pytorch-py36-cu111 pytorch-py36-cu101 pytorch-py36-cu100 pytorch-py36-cu90 pytorch-py27-cu90 pytorch-py27   pytorch-py27-cpu
Keras keras-py36-cu113 keras-py36-cu111 keras-py36-cu101 keras-py36-cu100 keras-py36-cu90 keras-py27-cu90 keras-py27   keras-py27-cpu
Lasagne lasagne-py36-cu113 lasagne-py36-cu111 lasagne-py36-cu101 lasagne-py36-cu100 lasagne-py36-cu90 lasagne-py27-cu90 lasagne-py27   lasagne-py27-cpu
MXNet mxnet-py36-cu113 mxnet-py36-cu111 mxnet-py36-cu101 mxnet-py36-cu100 mxnet-py36-cu90 mxnet-py27-cu90 mxnet-py27   mxnet-py27-cpu
CNTK cntk-py36-cu113 cntk-py36-cu111 cntk-py36-cu101 cntk-py36-cu100 cntk-py36-cu90 cntk-py27-cu90 cntk-py27   cntk-py27-cpu
Chainer chainer-py36-cu113 chainer-py36-cu111 chainer-py36-cu101 chainer-py36-cu100 chainer-py36-cu90 chainer-py27-cu90 chainer-py27   chainer-py27-cpu
Caffe caffe-py36-cu113 caffe-py36-cu111 caffe-py36-cu101 caffe-py36-cu100 caffe-py36-cu90 caffe-py27-cu90 caffe-py27   caffe-py27-cpu
Caffe2         caffe2-py36-cu90 caffe2-py36 caffe2 caffe2-py27-cu90 caffe2-py27 caffe2-py36-cpu caffe2-cpu caffe2-py27-cpu
Torch torch-cu113 torch-cu111 torch-cu101 torch-cu100 torch-cu90 torch-cu90 torch   torch-cpu
Darknet darknet-cu113 darknet-cu111 darknet-cu101 darknet-cu100 darknet-cu90 darknet-cu90 darknet   darknet-cpu

Citation

@misc{ming2017deepo,
    author = {Ming Yang},
    title = {Deepo: set up deep learning environment in a single command line.},
    year = {2017},
    publisher = {GitHub},
    journal = {GitHub repository},
    howpublished = {\url{https://github.com/ufoym/deepo}}
}

Contributing

We appreciate all contributions. If you are planning to contribute back bug-fixes, please do so without any further discussion. If you plan to contribute new features, utility functions or extensions, please first open an issue and discuss the feature with us.

Licensing

Deepo is MIT licensed.